The sedentary way of life, which is characteristic for the office workers and those who want to relax in front of the TV or in front of the screen, often the cause of degenerative disc disease. In this article, we will consider-what is osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the main causes of the disease, its symptoms and stages, treatment options, as well as answers to other questions, the in patients with osteoarthritis.
Osteochondrosis of the process to any of the parts of the spine or several. The most affected are the lumbar pathology, and cervical vertebrae, as the loads are the most exposed to a, the anatomy of the human skeleton. The consequences of osteochondrosis of the spine in the neck area to deliver more inconvenience and possible complications, because the neck is an area rich in Neuro-vascular highways, many of which nourish directly to the brain. In addition, the sensitivity and motor activity of the arms and the shoulder girdle nerve roots, when the destroyed vertebrates discs press can give a variety of the symptomatic picture.
Signs of osteochondrosis of the neck depend on what systems of the body affected and pathology:
- Impaired circulation due to pressure from the vertebral arteries the most due to a symptom on the part of the brain.
- Compression of nerve roots of vertebrates, holes, gives a picture of the lesion of the peripheral nerves.
- Trapped parts of the spinal cord associated with severe neurological pathologies, such as in advanced cases.
In the following, we consider the General clinic for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Pain in the head, neck and throat area. It is the most common Symptom. The localization of pain may be extended, without the shoulders, clavicular area of chest, moves in an intense headache, migraine. The type of pain, depending on the localization of the lesion and the severity of the pathology. In the first period of the disease the pain may be transitory, quickly, gradually, a chronic, painful end. In times of exacerbations of the pain is shooting, with an increased Tonus of the muscles of the neck and restricted traffic head. Often with cervical osteochondrosis pain may be localized behind the sternum, in this case, many patients take this Symptom for Angina.
Noise, ringing, feeling of fullness in the ears
To these signs is often hearing loss. These phenomena are associated with the decrease in the blood flow of the vertebral artery to the vestibular device. The complex of these symptoms as the Cochlea or Cochlear syndrome, and not always can be spine determine its connection with osteoarthritis in the neck. Specific characters for the differentiation is that the noise, the stuffiness and ringing in the ears be felt, if the change in the Position, after a long stay in the same Position.
Dizziness is also due to the violation of blood flow to the organs of the inner ear, the balance of the body. To occurs dizziness Nystagmus – random fluctuations of the pupil of the eye in the Hand often.
Swiss chard on air
This feeling appears due to the irritation of the nerve endings of the phrenic nerve. He is a part of the cervical nerve bundle and is involved in the regulation of respiration, depth and frequency. Patients complain of the inability to breathe deeply. In some cases, the Symptom is worsened to severe shortness of breath and danger of suffocation. For the same reason the breath occur stoppages and snoring in the night. Lack of oxygen due to problems with the breathing in the end is the cause of fatigue, reduction of concentration of attention and problems with memory.
Accompanied by belching of air. Also, due to the problems with blood circulation in certain areas of the brain and the inner ear. Nausea sometimes there is uncontrollable vomiting, to provoke movements of the head and of the body. A result of frequent nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss, digestive insufficiency.
"Fly" in the eyes, reduced visual acuity, fog before the eyes – all the symptoms, due to the ischemia of the Phase of the brain responsible for vision. On the eyesight of patients with osteoarthritis complain less often, because of the lack of blood supply to the blood vessels of the vertebrate blood-compensated flow of the carotid artery System. Points and therapeutic exercises for the eye muscles do not solve the Problem, in General, the vision improves after the treatment of osteochondrosis.
Pharyngeal Cancer Symptoms.
Often the only sign that a cervical osteochondrosis can. Expressed such as scratching, dryness and the sensation of a lump in the throat, difficulty in swallowing. Symptoms associated with performance pressure nerve plexus is responsible for Innervation of the pharynx. Differentiate these symptoms must be of a similar clinic in inflammation or tumors.
As for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
Described condition of the spine is a very serious disease, which leads to a neglect of a disability, but due to the deep lesions of the cerebral circulation is also Fatal. For this reason, even in the case of such symptoms it do not worth it. Osteochondrosis in a hospital to be treated and in the home, only on doctor's prescription. In the initial phase of the treatment of cervical degenerative disc conservative, the self-medications target pain disorders: non – steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anesthetics, hormonal agent, vitamin complex, chondro protectors-all that relieves inflammation, improves trofiku of the soft tissues and cartilage of the vertebral body.
In the acute Phase medicines are in the Form of injections, such as the disappearance of pain symptoms, the Patient will be liable to the tablets. Includes the courses of medicines, physical therapy, Massage, exercises in the physiotherapy, in General, allocated Remission. In difficult cases, osteochondrosis treated by a surgical procedure.
Circuit Device Of The Cervical Spine
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine (Osteohondroz) is a degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the intervertebral discs, in consequence of which self-drives, the spine vertebrae and joints of the neck are damaged, a decrease in the height of the intervertebral discs. The disease progresses if untreated, and may cause incidents, headaches, circulatory disorders, and even intervertebral disc. Such as osteoporosis, the disease occurs due to the violations of the mineral metabolism, which bone to use and the joints are less strong. Osteochondrosis can have instability of the cervical spine (symptoms and treatment similar to chondrosis, but have a number of properties), which is not rarely accompanied by a displacement of the vertebrae. This in turn accelerates disease is the development of degenerative intervertebral disc, the destruction of the spinal Department.
The main reasons that the back can cause pain:
- wrong nutrition and overweight;
- Postural Problems, Scoliosis, Rheumatism, Flat Feet;
- Lack of exercise: sedentary work (drivers, office workers), lack of physical activity, and soD.;
- the threaded violations in the area of the neck, injuries of the spine;
- to unusual physical stress, for the body;
- Nervousness, frequent Stress;
- a hereditary predisposition to the development of the disease;
- the wrong development of the cervical spine.
Most of the above-mentioned reasons cause the load on the cervical vertebrae, resulting in muscle cramps. For this reason, the circulation of the blood, injures the efficiency of the metabolism, reduces the degenerative changes caused. The structure of the intervertebral discs changes, they are thin and deformed, speaks outside of the spine. Often the cause is osteoarthritis, a progressive discos, perform, the on the adjacent vertebrae or bone tissue. It most often occurs in the case of long physical loads in the lumbar and cervical departments, almost never the breast to the touch. Development, osteochondrosis by several phases, by certain signs and symptoms. These phases we will further below.
Osteochondrosis of 1 degree of cervical spine (preclinical)
In General, in an early stage of the disease there is only a slight flattening of the lumbar lordosis of the neck, the patients suffer from pain, worse when cornering and head tilt, the feeling of burden and fatigue of the muscles in the area of the back, the loin. In this stage of osteochondrosis is curable without medication, sufficient for the nutrition, exercises and other activities.
Osteochondrosis Grade 2
In the second stage, between the vertebrae instability is observed, the Patient begins to disturb about intense pain, sometimes radiating to the arms or shoulders, the pain sensations increase when cornering, and head tilt. The patients begin to notice a rapid fatigue, distraction, reduced ability to work and headache.
Osteochondrosis 3 Degrees
In this Phase, the pain begins to grow, it constantly arises not only in the neck, but also shoulders, claps his hands. The muscles of the Hand are weaker, occurs numbness as you start, the hernia of the intervertebral discs. In this case, the diagnosis is the low mobility of the cervical spine. Patients concerned about dizziness and weakness.
Osteochondrosis 4 Degrees
In the final phase of the destruction of the intervertebral disc is replaced, the connective tissue. The pathological process on multiple segments of the spine in various stages of destruction. In patients incoordination observed strengthened, dizziness, and pain, the noise in the ears, and other injuries. The first Phase of the disease reveal the following characteristics:
- Headache with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
- Pain in the area of the neck, the neck, the shoulders or hands;
- Weakness of the hands;
- Crunching and pain in the movement of the head;
- General Weakness, Fatigue, Incoordination, Dizziness;
- Decrease of visual acuity and hearing impairment, numbness of the tongue.
One of the most common signs is the spine, a dizziness in the case of the osteochondrosis of the neck. In symptoms of dizziness, noise and ringing in the ears (reduces the sharpness of the ear), feelings of disorientation, migraine, and nausea and vomiting. In this case, it is determined by the doctor on how to treat these symptoms, you should not try to get rid of dizziness traditional methods. An unpleasant consequence of the frequent headaches, especially in women. Migraine can occur several times a day, causing unpleasant and painful sensations. Signs of disease of the cervical spine manifest themselves a little differently than the other parts of the spine osteochondrosis, in conjunction with the fact that in the area of the cervical vertebrae, the height of the intervertebral discs lie close together, in this small, that leads to complications even with minor degenerative changes.
Symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease, the from the brain
In the development of osteochondrosis, the compressed protruding edges of the vertebral body reduces the blood flow to the brain stem through the arteries,. In consequence of a disturbance of the blood flow to the brain occurs. In patients with neurotic disorders: irritability, anxiety, frequent change of mood, upset, insomnia, decreased ability to concentrate. In some cases it may longing outbreaks of anger, anxiety,. Spasms of the blood vessels can lead to fainting, headaches, Tinnitus observed, the points in front of the eyes. In this scenario, the following aggravation of the symptoms: dizziness, a feeling of imbalance, nausea, vomiting, in some cases.
The treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
For the treatment of such illnesses as back pain different methods: medication, physical therapy, Massage neck and neck area for the blood supply to the brain, and physiotherapy, the compliance with the in the future the correct food to come. Despite the fact that women are not different more prone to headaches and the numbness of the extremities in this disease, the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in the case of women the treatment in men: identical drugs and exercises.
Methods of diagnosis
An experienced doctor just cervical osteochondrosis diagnosed, since the disease has a characteristic disease. In order to determine the level of neglect and the prevalence of the pathological process, the patients have a number of additional studies:
- Radiography due to the change in the mobility and the position of the spine, reducing the disci columns of salt deposits;
- Computer tomography is the possibility of gaps, change of disc height, spinal instability, bruising of the nerve fibers and the spinal cord;
- The MRI allows you to see exactly pathological changes, determine the roots of the current of the blood, and the condition of the nerves.
In General, only the x-ray diagnostics of the cervical spine is sufficient, more expensive methods to apply in the confused and unclear cases.
Exercises with cervical osteochondrosis may only during the Remission, movement in the acute Phase leads to a deterioration in the condition of the patient. The whole physiotherapy it comes to the turns and inclines the head. It is important, acts slowly, without jerky movements. In the case of pain sensations, the profession and the advice of a specialist search.
If a Person has a tendency to the development of pathology, he must be held regularly, specialists and research. This will help show start the disease in an early stage and timely treatment. For example, cervical osteochondrosis, the symptoms described by those in the article, hits the cervical vertebrae, and it begins to destroy in the truest sense of the word. What happens, easy to guess.