Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, the: causes, symptoms and treatment

The treatment of the osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine

Thoracic osteochondrosis is dystrophic changes of the intervertebral discs, localized in the thoracic spine. The treatment of the disease should begin immediately after diagnosis, as the disease quickly chronic.

The main symptoms of the disease, a restriction of the mobility of the shoulder girdle, shortness of breath, stomach discomfort and pain in the chest radiating to the heart. The risk for the patients is that the symptoms of diseases of the osteochondrosis is often confused with cardiovascular, so that the therapy, not the disease.

The causes of the emergence of osteochondrosis

Thoracic osteochondrosis arises as a result of pathological changes in the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, as well as the violation of its blood supply and nutrition. In addition, the disease can be caused by a deformation of the spine.

The most frequently from the symptoms of osteochondrosis breast people suffer for a long time in a sitting Position. Basically, it is office workers and students of various age classes. Due to the continuous sitting without observing the proper Position of the body, the load on the vertebrae is significantly increased, what is the cause of a deformation.

Underlying cause of the disease:

  • increased load on the spine occurs when lifting weights
  • age-related changes in the body
  • overweight
  • Injuries of the vertebral body Department
  • Predisposition at the genetic level

Depending on the stage of the symptoms can be divided in 2 clinical cases. In the first case, the pain will appear suddenly, and has an acute Form (the so-called "back pain"). In the second case, the pain sensations are lengthy and often accompanied by a stiffness in the cervical and thoracic spine. Pain in osteochondrosis limits the mobility of the back, but also to breath, to provoke complaints.

The treatment of osteochondrosis thoracic spine is with the use of complex methods and schemes, which the compilation is dependent on the stage of the disease, its trends and causes. With this task, only a qualified specialist can.

The stage of the disease

The first Phase is characterized by the appearance of local pain due to the weakening of the muscles (torakalgiya). Apart from that, in the first Phase, the voltage of the paravertebral back muscles is produced which leads to increased pain and limitation of mobility of the spine.

The second stage goes hand-in-hand with an increase in pain, so how in the inflammatory process involved nerve roots. Also in this Phase, a bulging and/or herniated discs (MTD) appear.

The third stage provokes persistent pain in the area of the affected nerve. A change in the gait, numbness in the extremities, the occurrence of headaches, respiratory ailments and disorders of the heart rhythm. This is connected with the Manifestation of significant deformations of the intervertebral disc and the spine. Drastically the risk of sequestration (sequestration - increases the separation of the hernia, and your movement along the spine, injure the nerve root, in connection with the spinal cord). And this is in 90% of cases leads to the Operation.

On the fourth stage of the disease disturbs the function of the intervertebral disc. A bony overgrowth of the vertebral body, the connection of the surrounding vertebrae begins, with each other. Osteochondrosis of the spine the cause of circulatory disorders of the spinal cord is often. This Phase of the disease is the most dangerous, since it leads without timely therapy to a disability.

Treatment

Before to start the treatment, the diagnostics for the identification of the stage of the disease (initial, acute, or chronic). Depending on the symptoms, therapies selected.

The treatment of osteochondrosis in the thoracic spine the most effective in the early stages, in which pathological changes are not so pronounced and are reversible.

The most important signs that the disease is in the acute stage passed, the incessant pain ;muscles of the back, the chest and the spine. In this Phase of the development of osteochondrosis most urgent task of the physician is the elimination of the pain is.